Agricultural Holding August
Ukraine
Kyiv
Tel.: +38 044 425 44 09
Fax: +38 044 425-30-09
Mob.: +38 067 440-34-91
E-mail: contact@august.in.ua

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Corn

Corn



According to information of Agricultural Holding “August”, in the middle of November 2010 11,63 mln. tons of corn were harvested from 2,54 mln. hectares by an average yield of 45,6 hundred kilograms per hectare.

Description: 



Corn is one of the most ancient cereal grains that originates from Central and South America. In American continent it was cultivated as far back as 5 – 10 thousand years ago. It was essential food crop for local people during many years.

Corn is the most widespread crop in the global agronomy. Both in the global grain production and in Ukraine corn is the third after wheat and rise, and it is the first in the grain forage group. It makes almost 15% of the croppage. That’s why corn sale takes one of the leading places in the global market. Corn is sold by wholesale and small lots all over the world and the most of it is Ukrainian product. Corn growing and sale are the main directions of domestic agriculture and our company successfully deals with corn sale.   

In the balance of global grain production corn makes 29,2%. 70% of corn is used as forage, 15 – 20% is used for food needs, 10 – 15% - for technical needs.

By the general acreage of corn for silage Ukraine is among the countries which have largest corn acreages. Corn is drought resistant and has high fodder value; it has set a world record on productivity among cereal grains and its productivity can amount 70 – 90 hundred kilograms per hectare. Corn’s productivity for silage amounts 600 – 700 hundred kilograms per hectare. Average productivity in Ukraine is 30 – 35 hundred kilograms per hectare. Global corn production amounts about 600 mln. tons a year, at the same time wheat production amounts 570 mln. tons.  That’s why corn is bought by wholesale by many countries, due to its high crop capacity it gives the possibility to get essential quantity of product using minimum costs. To buy corn is very easy, it is hardy and takes root relatively easy.   

Corn kernels are widely used in food and microbiological industries, in medicine and other branches of economy.

Corn is successfully used in miscellaneous ways. Nothing can be compared to corn with respect to universality.

Corn is one of the most valuable fodder crops. Kernels are used both for food needs (20%) and for forage (60 – 65%). By the contend of fodder units corn kernel dominates over barley, oat and rye. One kilogram of kernels contains 1,34 fodder units and 78g of digestible protein.

Being the most valuable among forage grains by the high nutritional abilities corn is characterized by high content of starch (up to 70%) and fat (4 - 6 %), low content of fiber (2 – 4%). Corn kernel contains 65 – 70% of carbohydrates, 9 – 12% of protein, vitamins A, Bp, B2, B6, E, C, essential amino acids, mineral salts and microelements. Such kernel composition predetermines its high food, fodder, and technical value.

Corn kernels are widely used for food needs. More than 150 food and technical products such as flour, maize grits, flakes, starch, syrup, glucose, and alcohol are made of corn. From 100 kg of kernels it’s possible to get 37 – 40 liters of alcohol that is more than from kernels of other crops.

Valuable food oil is extracted from corn germs, this oil has curative abilities (decreases cholesterol level and prevents atherosclerosis). Artificial ant oil, lignin, xylose, fiber and paper are made of corn cores.

From 1 hundred kilograms of kernels it’s possible to get 56 kg of starch (or 60 kg of fructose, or 32 liters of alcohol), 22,4 kg of fodder containing 21% of protein, 5,2 kg of glutheine flour and 2,7, kg of corn oil.

Corn has high agronomic importance. When the agronomic requirements are met corn leaves behind the soil clear from weeds and mellowed. Sufficient part of organics returns as roots and straw remains.

 

 

Characteristic

Specification and norm for maize kernels

(Specification and norm for maize kernels of different groups of usage were deleted according to amendment 1)

AMENDMENT 1

Class 2

Class 1

Class 2

Class 3

Food  concentrates and products

Products of  baby food

Groats, flour

Starchand treacle

Fodder  needs

Typical composition

I-VII types

I-IX types

Moisture,%, not more than

15,0

15,0

15,0

15,0

15,0

The row was excluded according to amendment 1

Particularly after artificialdrying, % not less than

13,0

13,0

13,0

13,0

13,0

Foreign grain,%, not more than

7,0

3,0

7,0

7,0

15,0

particularly:

 

 

 

 

 

germinated kernels

2,0

Not allowed

2,0

Within the limits of foreign grain

5,0

damaged kernels

1,0

The same

1,0

The same

Within the limits of foreign grain

The row was excluded according to amendment 1

Grains and seeds of other cultivated plants rated as foreign grain

Not allowed

2,0

Foreign matter,%, not more than

1,0

1,0

2,0

3,0

5,0

particularly:

 

 

 

 

 

broken kernels

0,5

Not allowed

1,0

1,0

1,0

Mineral impurity

0,3

0,3

0,3

0,3

1,0

particularly: pebbles, slag, ore

0,1

0,1

0,1

Within the limits of mineral impurity

Detrimental impurity

0,2

Not allowed

0,2

0,2

0,2

particularly:

 

 

 

 

 

smut and ergot

0,15

The same

0,15

0,15

0,15

russian knapweed and coronilla

0,1

The same

0,1

0,1

0,1

trichodesma incanum, heliotrope and castor oil plant seeds 

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

Not allowed

Size, %, not less than

80,0

Not determined

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

 

for maize of VII – VIII types

Not determined

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

Germinating capacity,%, not less than

Not determined

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

 

55,

Not determined

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

55,0

Not determined

The word excludedaccording to amendment 1 Not limited

 

Pest infestation

Not allowed

Not allowed, except mite infestation not higher than 1 grade