Agricultural Holding August
Ukraine
Kyiv
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Fax: +38 044 425-30-09
Mob.: +38 067 440-34-91
E-mail: contact@august.in.ua

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Rye

Rye
Description: 

Rye is an important but less exacting to soil and climate conditions food crop. It is a frost proof and drought proof crop that gives not high but stable harvests and grows on poor soils better than most of other grain cereals.

Rye occupies 0,5 – 0,7 mln. hectares and its average yield is 20 hundred kilograms per hectare. Ukraine gets around 1,3 mln. tons of this crop.

Rye grain contains 8 – 9% of protein, 67% of carbohydrates, 1% of fat. It also contains vitamins B, D, E, fiber, carotene, and mineral salts. Rye groat is used for bread baking; the bread has good taste characteristics and is not worse and sometimes even better than wheat bread by many features. Eating rye bread prevents heart diseases: rye groat contains linolic and other fatty acids essential for heart function.

Rye grits and bran are valuable concentrated fodder. Winter rye is sown for green fodder. Silage and hay are made of it. Winter ray has higher cold resistance, grows intensively in spring and generates better in the regions where winter wheat freezes out in some years.    

 

Characteristic

Specification and norm of rye by classes

1

2

3

4

Moisture,%, not more than

14,5

14,5

14,5

14,5

Falling number, s

More than 200

200 - 141

140 - 80

Not limited

less than 80

Nature, g/l, not less than

700

680

700

660

690

Not limited

 

Foreign grain,%, not more than

4,0

6,0

6,0

15,0

particularly, germinated grains

3,0

5,0

5,0

Within the limits of foreign grain

Foreign matter,%, not more than

2,0

2,0

2,0

5,0

particularly:

 

 

 

 

damaged grains

1,0

1,0

1,0

Within the limits offoreign matter

cockle

0,5

0,5

0,5

0,5

Mineral impurity

0,3

0,3

0,3

1,0

particularly, pebbles

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,2

Detrimental impurity

0,2

0,2

0,2

0,2

particularly:

 

 

 

 

ergot

0,05

0,05

0,05

0,1

russian knapweed and coronilla (together)

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,1

Rose-coloured grains, %, not more than

3,0

5,0

6,0

Not limited

 

Fusarium grains, %, not more than

1,0

1,0

1,0

1,0

Notice.In case of rating rye to one or another class determining germinated grains and falling number, falling number prevails